In this section you will find...

An overview of discrimination (below)

Bullying and Harassment (with and without discrimination) 

Direct and Indirect Discrimination (plus Harassment and Victimisation)

Discrimination - Questions & Answers

For guidance on managing absence, possibly related to disability, please see the section on Absence.


It is unlawful to discriminate in the workplace against employees on a number of different grounds. These include:

  • Age
  • Disability
  • Gender Reassignment
  • Marriage & Civil Partnerships
  • Pregnancy & Maternity
  • Race Religion or Belief
  • Sex or Sexual Orientation

The main legislation in this area is The Equality Act 2010 (the Act) which consolidated and replaced most of the previous discrimination legislation for England, Scotland and Wales and covers all the areas above which are known in the Act as ‘protected characteristics'. 

There are also other areas where discrimination is unlawful and these include:

  • Part-time workers
  • Workers on fixed term contracts

In this section we aim to explain the different types of discrimination and what action should be considered to prevent discrimination occurring in the workplace.

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